A study looking at the factors believed to influence Maori student literacy learning: Smallbone, Catherine. SpLD- Silent Learning Difficulties? Factors influencing literacy lerning of Maori students, as identified by teachers, SENCo, and parents. A thesis submitted to Victoria University, Wellington, 2019. The study investigates the possibility of SpLD being overlooked in favour of socio-cultural understandings of low literacy achievement among Maori students.